A traditional Japanese house (minka) in modern Japan is represented by only a few museums. However, these buildings, although in fact a thing of the past, are an integral part of the architecture and culture of this country.
Traditional houses are simple one- or two-storey frame buildings made of wood, paper, straw, clay, bamboo. The higher the status of a resident of the country, the more expensive materials are used, the brighter the facade is decorated. It is the elements of rich houses and temples that make the Japanese style in architecture recognizable.
Frame construction technology has long been used in earthquake-prone Japan. The buildings built along it are characterized by increased stability, gave a chance to survive during the collapse, could be quickly restored.
In traditional Japanese houses, there is only one empty wall, where the space between the supports is filled with grass covered with clay. The rest are sliding or replaceable panels made of a light wooden frame covered with rice paper. The frame did not suffer from their removal, the integrity of the structure is not violated. At the same time, the house is well lit by the sun, the boundary between it and nature is blurred.
Characteristics of the design of houses:
Japanese corpses, which were built decades and centuries ago, are very different from modern houses. The following characteristics are characteristic of them:
-The frame of the house is a system of supports and beams connected without nails. Instead, they used sophisticated technology to cut logs, logs.
-In the center of the building is a pillar resistant to vibration.
-The roof is two- or four-pitched. It protrudes beyond the outer walls at a distance of one meter. This protects the facade from the effects of rain and sunlight.
-Erected at half a meter from the ground floor level, this is done in order to provide ventilation of the lower layer of the building to retain heat in the cold season. For Japanese people who sleep on a mattress instead of a regular bed, this is important.
Traditional Japanese homes are far ahead of their time. The main ideas of their construction are the basis of modern framework technologies. One of them is naturally called “Japanese”.
The interior of a traditional house:
There is no clear division of rooms in traditional Japanese houses. The maximum free, open space could be transformed at will with the help of light fuzum screens. So, a large room that received guests during the day is divided into bedroom screens and a cabinet using screens.
With such mobility, we are not talking about complete, heavy furniture. Instead of cabinets for storing clothes and household items used:
-niches covered all the same screens;
-low cabinets with drawers.
The sleeping place is a mattress. futon, and the floors are covered with hard straw mats – tatami.
In the immediate vicinity of a large clay stove are equipped the dining room, kitchen, service rooms.
The finishing materials are: thick white paper, wooden boards, plaster. The twilight of the rooms slightly diluted the lamp in a paper lampshade called oxyadone.